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The concept of a “frequent law” developed during the reign of Henry II during the late 12th century, when Henry appointed judges that had authority to create an institutionalised and unified system of law “common” to the country. The subsequent major step in the evolution of the common law came when King John was pressured by his barons to signal Law a document limiting his authority to move laws. This “great constitution” or Magna Carta of 1215 additionally required that the King’s entourage of judges maintain their courts and judgments at “a sure place” rather than dishing out autocratic justice in unpredictable places about the country.

As one legal historian wrote, “Justinian consciously seemed back to the golden age of Roman law and aimed to revive it to the peak it had reached three centuries before.” The Justinian Code remained in force in the East till the fall of the …